Monday, January 27, 2014

50 States: North Carolina


Explored by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1587, North Carolina became our 12th state on November 21, 1789. The colony was named to honor King Charles I, and the very first English Colony in America was Roanoke.  It vanished, leaving behind only the word 'Croatoan' carved into a tree.  The capital of NC (postal abbreviation) is Raleigh, named in honor of the explorer.  

North Carolina is the 28th biggest state with more than 9.7 million people living here as of 2012.  People who live here are called North Carolinians.  Some famous people born in NC include John Coltrane, Howard Cosell, Dale Earnhardt, Billy Graham, U.S. President Andrew Johnson, Chales Kuralt, Sugar Ray Leonard, Dolley Madison, Thelonious Monk, Richard Petty, Kelly Pickler, U.S. President James Polk, William Sydney Porter (O. Henry), Randy Travis, and Thomas Wolfe.

North Carolina's nickname is the Tar Heel State.  This comes from the fact that the state's forests supplied tar and pitch for Navy ships in the 1700s.  A number of different sources called the people 'tar boilers,' but this was used in a derogatory sense.  During the Civil War, these people were called 'Tar Heels,' again in a derogatory sense.  By 1893, the people of the state were beginning to take pride in the name, and a group of University of North Carolina students entitled their newspaper, "The Tar Heels."

The major industries are tobacco and poultry farming, textiles, and furniture.  High Point, NC, is called 'The Furniture Capital of the World.'  NC is also the largest supplier of sweet potatoes in the U.S.

This state's motto is "Esse Quam Vederi" and means "To Be Rather Than to Seem."  

The state symbols are as follows:

Bird - Cardinal
Mammal - Gray Squirrel
Dog - Plott hound
Reptile - Eastern Box Turtle
Fish - Channel bass
Flower - Flowering dogwood
Tree - Longleaf Pine
Vegetable - Sweet Potato
Rock - Granite
Precious Stone - Emerald
Colors - Red and blue
Beverage - Milk

North Carolina adopted its flag in 1885. There is a white star on the left with the letters, NC, to the sides of it.  The date of May 20th 1775, which is on a yellow ribbon above the star, commemorates the signing of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence.  This county is where, it is said, North Carolinians met to declare their freedom from Great Britain. The date on the lower banner, April 12th 1776, is in remembrance of the Halifax Resolves.  This document authorized delegates from North Carolina to attend the Continental Congress.  It was the first official action by a colony in the quest for independence.
Some other interesting events in North Carolina's history include the Wright Brothers making the first successful powered flight in 1903 near Kitty Hawk.  Krispy Kreme Doughnut was founded in Winston-Salem.  Miniature golf was invented in Fayetteville.  Pepsi was first invented in New Bern in 1898.  Wendell Town was named in honor of Oliver Wendell Holmes, the famous American writer.

North Carolina is a southern state with a beautiful coastline and majestic mountain ranges.  Many of the forests have become national parks and can be visited year round with different activities each season.  Some places of natural beauty that can be visited are The Outer Banks, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Grandfather Mountain, Chimney Rock State Park, Crystal Coast, and Cape Hatteras.  Attractions and historic landmarks are prevalent as well, such as Carowinds Amusement Park, USS North Carolina, Tweetsie Railroad Theme Park, NASCAR Hall of Fame, Ghost Town in the Sky theme park, Billy Graham Library, Fort Fisher, and the Biltmore Estate in Ashville.

Play some games and test your North Carolina knowledge.

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903095: 13 Colonies: North Carolina 13 Colonies: North Carolina
By Roberta Wiener & James Arnold / Heinemann Raintree

What were the "Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina"? When did North and South Carolina officially become two separate colonies? Why was North Carolina's coast favored by pirates?
This book details the history of the colony, beginning with the decisions made in Europe to explore and settle the Americas, followed by a description of the land and its inhabitants as they appeared to the first Europeans arrivals. Each book in this series includes: maps, timeline, glossary, index, and sources for further research. Softcover, 64 pages. Ages 4-8.

300329: Voices from Colonial America: North Carolina 1524-1776 Voices from Colonial America: North Carolina 1524-1776
By Matthew C Cannavale / Random House, Inc

96343: Orville Wright: The Flyer Orville Wright: The Flyer
By Janet Benge & Geoff Benge / YWAM Publishing

The Heroes of History series chronicles the true stories of fascinating men and women who changed the course of history.  When Orville Wright and his brother, Wilbur, set out to solve the problem of flight, they recognized that success would come with careful observation, perseverance, and ingenuity. From experiments in their Dayton, Ohio, bicycle shop to test flights over the beaches of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the amateur aviation enthusiasts risked their lives and worked tirelessly to solve the problems that had stumped the world's best scientists.
For ages 10 and up.

37959: Incidents In The Life Of A Slave Girl Incidents In The Life Of A Slave Girl
By Harriet Jacobs / Penguin Classics

A haunting, evocative recounting of her life as a slave in North Carolina and of her final escape and emancipation, Harriet Jacob's classic narrative, written between 1853 and 1858 and published pseudonymously in 1861, tells firsthand of the horrors inflicted on slaves. In writing this extraordinary memoir, which culminates in the seven years she spent hiding in a crawl space in her grandmother's attic, Jacobs skillfully used the literary genres of her time, presenting a thoroughly feminist narrative that portrays the evils and traumas of slavery, particularly for women and children. Now with an introduction by renowned historian Nell Irvin Painter, this edition also includes "A True Tale of Slavery," the brief memoir of Harriet Jacob's brother, John S. Jacobs, originally published in a London periodical in 1861.

82033X: Cape Hatteras: America"s Lighthouse Cape Hatteras: America's Lighthouse
By Thomas Yocum, Bruce Roberts & Cheryl Shelton-Roberts / Cumberland House Publishing

For centuries the dangerous waters of North Carolina's Outer Banks have grounded or sunk hundreds of ships. Seafarers needed a strong point of reference to navigate the area successfully, and for the last 130 years, the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse has been the most-recognized, most-photographed, most-painted, most-visited, most-read-about, and most-admired lighthouse in North America. One of the most daunting engineering tasks imaginable has been undertaken to save the lighthouse and move it safely to a new foundation 1,600 feet inland from its original site. To commemorate this event, the authors have prepared Cape Hatteras: America's Lighthouse as a tribute to the stone sentinel, describing the vast history of the lighthouse and investing it with texture and depth. The text is illustrated in full color and with more than 100 black-and-white photographs and historical diagrams.

726091: Exploring Cape Hatteras and Cape Lookout National Seashores Exploring Cape Hatteras and Cape Lookout National Seashores
By Globe Pequot

726091: Exploring Cape Hatteras and Cape Lookout National Seashores Exploring Cape Hatteras and Cape Lookout National Seashores
By Globe Pequot

226610: Smokey Mountain High: The Consuming Passion of Cecil Brown Smokey Mountain High: The Consuming Passion of Cecil Brown
By Frank & Duracher / Crest Books

Cecil Brown, a missionary from Hurricane Creek, NC, was a legend in her own time. Against all odds, she brought the gospel to the backwoods of the Tar Heel state, where many people had never read the Bible or heard a sermon preached before.

17048X: Making Bent Willow Furniture Making Bent Willow Furniture
By Workman Publishing

It's easy to make rustic bent willow furnishings for indoors and out. Brenda and Brian Cameron share techniques and instructions for projects, such as a quilt ladder, plant stand, hanging basket, chair, porch swing, headboard, and more. A Selection of the Book-of-the-Month Club's Country Homes & Gardens Club. Paperback, 139 pages.

084708: Daily Devotions for Die-Hard Fans: North Carolina Tar Heels Daily Devotions for Die-Hard Fans: North Carolina Tar Heels
By Ed McMinn / Extra Point Publishers

Daily Devotions for Die-Hard Fans: North Carolina Tar Heels combines the passion of the Tar Heel fan with the passion of the Christian life to create a unique 90-day devotional. Researched and written by former pastor and journalist Ed McMinn, you'll read stories about your favorite team and players and learn spiritual lessons at the same time.

781416: The Outer Banks Cookbook, 2nd: Recipes & Traditions from North Carolina"s Barrier Islands The Outer Banks Cookbook, 2nd: Recipes & Traditions from North Carolina's Barrier Islands
By Elizabeth Wiegand / Globe Pequot

781133: Food Lovers" Guide to North Carolina"s Outer Banks: The Best Restaurants, Markets & Local Culinary Offerings Food Lovers' Guide to North Carolina's Outer Banks: The Best Restaurants, Markets & Local Culinary Offerings
By Elizabeth Wiegand / Globe Pequot

636040: Coming Home: The North Carolina Outer Banks Coming Home: The North Carolina Outer Banks
By Sally Nixon Haines & Sally Nixon Haines / Tate Publishing & Enterprises

947612: The Reason for My Hope: Salvation The Reason for My Hope: Salvation
By Billy Graham / Thomas Nelson

For more than 70 years Dr. Billy Graham has shared the Gospel with the world. He's presented the truth about Jesus Christ to millions and sought to draw hearts closer to faith.  Now, in what may be his last book, he shares this same life-changing message. In The Reason for My Hope: Salvation, Graham calls the world back to its spiritual priority, to consider our lives now and the hereafter with sober reflection. Filled with new stories and enduring truth, Graham invites all who will to follow the Savior and discover a faith that saves.

964824: Nearing Home: Life, Faith, and Finishing Well Nearing Home: Life, Faith, and Finishing Well
By Billy Graham / Thomas Nelson

Explore the realities of growing older with the renowned evangelist and look at your later years from God's perspective! In what could be his most powerful message, Graham discusses the importance of facing life's transitions, making wise decisions, and understanding our glorious hope. You'll learn how to face your limitations and grow stronger in the midst of difficulties. 192 pages, softcover from Nelson.

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