Tuesday, July 30, 2013

Summer Series: 50 States - Delaware


On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution, earning it the nickname "The First State."  Delaware (DE) sits along the eastern seaboard and is nestled among Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New Jersey.  It is the 49th biggest state, only surpassing Rhode Island in size, and is the 45th most populous.  Most of the population and industry lies in the northern half of the state.

The capital is Dover; it achieved this honor in 1777 because it was viewed as a safer place to be in the event of an Indian attack than the old capital.  People who live in Delaware are referred to as Delawareans.  There haven't been a lot of famous people born here.  Some are Valerie Bertinelli, who is an actress; Annie Jump Cannon, an astronomer; Stephen Marley, guitarist; and Howard Pyle, an illustrator and author.  There have, however, been famous people who have made Delaware their home.  One was a man by the name of Oliver Evans who, in 1785, invented an automatic flour milling machine.  Another was a Frenchman, E.I. du Pont.  In 1802, he bought some land and set up a gunpowder mill.  Today, DuPont is one of the world's largest companies.

Delaware was explored by the Spanish and the Portuguese in the 16th century.  Dutchman Henry Hudson discovered what is known today as the Delaware River and Delaware Bay in 1609.  No settlement was built until 1631, however, and this was by a Dutch trading company who had bought land from the local Indian tribes.  The overseer of the trading company traveled to Delaware in 1632 to visit this settlement only to find out that all of the settlers had been killed and all of the buildings burned to the ground.  The Swedes came to this area in 1638 and settled in what is the present-day city of Wilmington.  They lived comfortably until 1655 when another Dutchman, Peter Stuyvesant, came and took over and named it the Colony of New Netherlands.

In 1681, William Penn received an enormous tract of land from King Charles II as payment of a debt owed to Penn's father.  He asked for the land that is west of the Delaware River as well so that, in the event of the folks of Delaware becoming hostile, Pennsylvania would not be landlocked.  He was granted this land as well.  There arose a dispute between Penn and Lord Baltimore of Maryland as to what exactly was Penn's land in 1682.  This dispute continued almost until the Revolution and was argued between their heirs after they each had died.  In 1776, Delaware created its own state government and separated itself from Pennsylvania.  A few years prior to that, the boundaries of Delaware had been surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon.

Delaware is named in honor of an early Viriginia Governor, Lord De La Warr.  The motto is "Liberty and Independence."  The state bird is the blue hen chicken, and the state bug is the ladybug.


The state flower is the peach blossom, and the tree is the American holly.  The state beverage is milk.

Delaware has a few nicknames besides First State.  It is also called the Blue Hen State, Diamond State, and Small Wonder.

Enjoy this word search.

Finally, here are some sources that can be found at Christian Book:

769681: It Happened in Delaware
By Judy Colbert / Globe Pequot

498800: Delaware My First Book, Grades K-5
By Carole Marsh / Gallopade International

An “early bird” intro to basic state facts. Covers state basics such as state nickname, seal, song, bird, motto, flag, regions, industries, neighbors, and weather, plus an intro to state history, people and more. Includes: drawing, mazes, matching, coloring, and more! Reproducible. Available for all 50 states. Grades K-5; ages 5-10.

264088: Delaware 1638-1776
By Karen Hossell / National Geographic Children's Books

22693DF: Delaware State History In a Nutshell - PDF Download [Download]
By Cyndi Kinney & Judy Trout / Knowledge Box Central

Get to know your home state! Comprehensive state history lapbook resources from Knowledge Box Central are designed so that children of all ages can study together. Explore state symbols, songs and landmarks, famous people, geographical regions, timelines of historical events, and more. The included state-specific study guide provides background information, history, and other factual information; this study guide is the same for both lapbook (Grades K-8) and lapbook journal (Grades 6-12) students, so that the parent only needs to go over the information once.
This lapbook includes a list of all the supplies needed if following the included base guide. Blackline masters are provided for students to cut out and paste into their lapbook, while a photo of a finished lapbook provides a visual example. This Lapbook is structured for use with K-8th Grade Students.
Get started on your lapbook immediately with this PDF Download.

417776: Delaware History Project Book, Grades K-8
By Carole Marsh / Gallopade International

History projects include: creating a cartoon panel describing how our state name may have come about; dressing up as a famous explorer and recreating their main discovery and more! Grades K–8; ages 5–15.

24337DF: Delaware State History Lapbook - PDF Download [Download]
By Cyndi Kinney & Judy Trout / Knowledge Box Central

24340DF: Delaware State History Lapbook Journal - PDF Download [Download]
By Cyndi Kinney & Judy Trout / Knowledge Box Central

722150: It Happened in the Revolutionary War
By Michael R. Bradley / Globe Pequot

Many of the events and heroes of the Revolutionary War are well known --- the Boston Tea Party, the signing of the Declaration of Independence, George Washington's crossing of the Delaware, Paul Revere's midnight ride. It Happened in the Revolutionary War gives readers inside information on these events as well as less-known happenings. Did you know that Ben Franklin had a son who supported the Crown, that one of Washington's bodyguards plotted with the British to kidnap him, or that the Minutemen were disbanded after only seven months? Here you'll learn the real story behind "Yankee Doodle Went to Town," the dangerous consequences of signing the Declaration of Independence, and the long, risky ride of a forgotten patriot who happened to be a woman. In an easy-to-read style that is entertaining and informative, Michael Bradley recounts some of the most captivating moments from our nation's history.

Here are a few extras since the ladybug is the state bug of Delaware:

2873063: Life Cycles: Ladybug Life Cycles: Ladybug
By Creative Teaching Press

Now your students can witness the life cycles of 12 plant and animal species right in the classroom or at home! From the metamorphosis of a caterpillar to a butterfly, to the life cycle of the Fighting Fish, this series presents the facts with detailed descriptions and brilliantly colorful photos. 16 pages each. Grades 1-3.
872003: Ladybug Note Pad Ladybug Note Pad
By Trend Enterprises

A fun and versatile note pad for school, home, or office! Use for student notes, name tags, shopping lists and more. 50 sheets.
863038: Luminous Ladybugs Sparkle Stickers Luminous Ladybugs Sparkle Stickers
By Trend Enterprises

Watch eyes light up when you reward kids with popular Sparkle Stickers. Add pizzazz to name tags, report cards, party invitations, and homework assignments. 72 stickers in more than four different designs. Acid-free, non-toxic, and safe for use on photos.

Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s regulations.

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